ЦИФРОВАЯ ТРАНСФОРМАЦИЯ АГРОПРОМЫШЛЕННОГО КОМПЛЕКСА: АНАЛИЗ ПЕРСПЕКТИВ

Ключевые слова: цифровая трансформация, агропромышленный комплекс, экосистемы, платформы, вертикальные фермы

Аннотация

Состояние вопроса. Цифровые технологии приводят к глубокому изменению моделей функционирования экономических агентов, в том числе и в агропромышленном комплексе (АПК). Однако, в отличие от других отраслей экономики, для АПК пока не было предложено комплексной картины тех последствий, к которым приведет его цифровая трансформация. Существующие публикации посвящены отдельным технологиям и исследуют цифровую трансформацию АПК на уровне отдельных компаний. Отсутствие такой картины препятствует принятию взвешенных решений о целесообразности проведения цифровой трансформации и выбора ее направлений.

Материалы и методы исследования. В статье использовался метод анализа и синтеза, а также метод анализа источников. Для отбора источников для анализа был осуществлен поиск по ключевым словам в Национальной электронной библиотеке elibrary.ru.

Результаты. В предлагаемой статье показано, что цифровая трансформация АПК приведет к:

- изменению отраслевой структуры АПК из-за исчезновения традиционных отраслей и возникновения новых;

- изменению участия АПК в национальной и мировой экономике;

- внедрению новых организационных моделей функционирования предприятий АПК (платформ и экосистем);

- исчезновению остатков традиционного сельского уклада и изменению городского уклада.

Заключение. Нами обоснованы следующие основные положения:

 - цифровая трансформация ведет не только к технологическим, но и к организационным преобразованиям в АПК;

- результатом цифровой трансформации станет глубокое изменение модели организации АПК и его роли в национальной экономике;

- государству необходимы принимать меры по поддержке цифровой трансформации АПК и по адаптации АПК к новому цифровому укладу.

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Биографии авторов

Elena V. Stelmashonok, Санкт-Петербургский государственный экономический университет

д-р экон. наук, профессор, заведующая кафедрой вычислительных систем и программирования

Vitaliy L. Stelmashonok, Санкт-Петербургский государственный экономический университет

канд. экон. наук, доцент, доцент кафедры менеджмента и инноваций

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2021-04-29
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Stelmashonok, E., & Stelmashonok, V. (2021). ЦИФРОВАЯ ТРАНСФОРМАЦИЯ АГРОПРОМЫШЛЕННОГО КОМПЛЕКСА: АНАЛИЗ ПЕРСПЕКТИВ. Siberian Journal of Life Sciences and Agriculture, 13(2), 336-365. https://doi.org/10.12731/2658-6649-2021-13-2-336-365
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