ПСИХОЛОГИЧЕСКОЕ ЗДОРОВЬЕ СПОРТСМЕНОВ В ПЕРИОД ПАНДЕМИИ COVID-2019

  • Pavel A. Kislyakov Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение «Российский государственный социальный университет» http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1238-9183
  • Mikhail S. Belov Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение «Ивановский государственный энергетический университет имени В.И. Ленина» http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8729-0685
  • Nataliya P. Konstantinova Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение «Российский государственный социальный университет»
Ключевые слова: психологическое здоровье, спортсмены, спортивная форма, пандемия COVID-2019, психосоматические показатели, психоэмоциональные показатели, копинг

Аннотация

Обоснование. Массовая самоизоляция в период пандемии COVID-19 оказала существенное влияние на спортивную деятельность, и как следствие, на психологическое здоровье спортсменов. Основные последствия для психологического здоровья спортсменов связаны в первую очередь с психосоматическими и психоэмоциональными расстройствами.

Цель исследования состояла в выявлении особенностей психологического здоровья спортсменов в период пандемии COVID-2019.

Материалы и методы. Выборку составили 419 спортсменов в возрасте от 18 до 30 лет, проживающих в различных регионах России. Исследование проводилось с использованием специально разработанной анкеты, включающей вопросы об особенностях организации тренировочного процесса в период пандемии, о дальнейших спортивных планах, о психосоматических и психоэмоциональных особенностях, вызванных вследствие отмены спортивных тренировок и соревнований. Также использовалась стандартизированная методика «Самочувствие, активность, настроение – САН» (В.А. Доскин, Н.А. Лаврентьева, В.Б. Шарай и М.П. Мирошников).

Результаты. Проведенное исследование выявило закономерность, состоящую в том, что поддержка оптимальной физической формы в период пандемии COVID-19 позволяет предупреждать негативные психосоматические и психоэмоциональные проявления, обеспечивая субъективное ощущение благоприятного физиологического и психологического состояния. Адаптивный копинг принятия спортсменами ситуации и самоконтроля прямо коррелирует с поддержкой оптимальной физической формы в период пандемии COVID-19 и, как следствие, с позитивными спортивными планами.

Заключение. Полученные результаты подтверждают, что поддержание регулярной физической активности является важной профилактической стратегией для физического и психологического здоровья во время вынужденной самоизоляции.

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Биографии авторов

Pavel A. Kislyakov, Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение «Российский государственный социальный университет»

д-р псх. наук, доцент, профессор факультета психологии

 

Mikhail S. Belov, Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение «Ивановский государственный энергетический университет имени В.И. Ленина»

канд. культурологии, доцент, заведующий кафедрой физического воспитания

 

Nataliya P. Konstantinova, Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение «Российский государственный социальный университет»

канд. филос. наук, доцент факультета психологии

 

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Опубликован
2021-04-29
Как цитировать
Kislyakov, P., Belov, M., & Konstantinova, N. (2021). ПСИХОЛОГИЧЕСКОЕ ЗДОРОВЬЕ СПОРТСМЕНОВ В ПЕРИОД ПАНДЕМИИ COVID-2019. Siberian Journal of Life Sciences and Agriculture, 13(2), 77-99. https://doi.org/10.12731/2658-6649-2021-13-2-77-99
Раздел
Здравоохранение и профилактическая медицина